On this day in 1846, Randolph Caldecott was born in Chester, England. According to Caldecott "became known for his lively scenes of the English countryside and his humorous portrayals of the people who lived there. Caldecott is considered the originator of children's picture books."

The Caldecott Medal is one of the most prestigous awards for children's books, and it was named in Randolph J. Caldecott's honor.

About the award:
"Caldecott Medal is an annual award for the most distinguished picture book for children published during the previous year. It was the first award recognizing the work of the illustrator of a book. The award was established in 1937. It was first presented in 1938. The selection is made by a committee consisting of 15 members of the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC) of the American Library Association. The winner is announced in January. The ALSC presents the award to the illustrator at the association's annual conference." Source