General P. G. T. Beauregard

General P. G. T. Beauregard

Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard, born near New Orleans, Louisiana -  May 28, 1818

Shortened his name to G. T. Beauregard while a student at West Point.

Graduated  2nd in his class from West Point - 1838

Twice promoted (to Captain and Major) for gallantry in the Mexican War

Appointed Superintending Engineer of the New Orleans Customs House, a position he held for 10 years.  At the time, this was the largest building ever constructed in North America.

Appointed Superintendent of West Point - 1861

Resigned from the Federal Army - February 20, 1861

Appointed first Brigadier General, Confederate States Army - March 1, 1861

Commanded the forces that fired on Fort Sumter - April 12, 1861

Commander at First Manassas -  July 21, 1861

Appointed General, Confederate States Army - July 21, 1861

Commander at Shilo - April 1862

Commander of the Military District of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida - 1862 to 1864

Defended Charleston, South Carolina from attack - 1862 to 1864

Commanded the defenses at Petersburg, Virginia - 1864

Commander of the forces opposing Sherman in Georgia and South Carolina - 1864 to 1865

Co-commander of the forces opposing Sherman in North Carolina - 1865

Surrendered at Durham Station, North Carolina - April 26, 1865

President of New Orleans, Jackson and Mississippi Railway

Supervisor of Louisiana Lottery

Commissioner of Public Works - New Orleans

Louisiana Adjutant General

Died in New Orleans - February 20, 1893

For further reading about the life of General P. G. T. Beauregard, see:

T. Harry Williams. P. G. T. Beauregard, Napoleon in Gray. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge, 1995.

Alfred Roman. The Military Operations of General Beauregard. De Capo Press, New York, 1994. This is a two volume set.

1998 Robert A. Belflower


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